Introduction

The Heimdall Data proxy is a software platform for application and infrastructure owners. Whether on-premise or cloud, Heimdall helps organizations deliver faster, more reliable, and secure content generation. Heimdall Data is a distributed Database Proxy that improves database performance from an application perspective. We give users visibility and control over their SQL environment.

Use cases for the software

The key use cases for Heimdall database proxy include:

  • Connection pooling from serverless applications, including support for multi-user pooling
  • Automated caching and invalidation to the cache of your choice (e.g. Redis)
  • Read/Write split (i.e. query routing) to reduce load on write-masters in a multi-node cluster
  • Improving the performance of DML Ingestion, in particular in Analytics Database environments (Pivotal Greenplum and AWS Redshift)
  • Analytics

Heimdall supports a variety of databases including Postgres and Postgres based databases (AWS Aurora, Redshift and Greenplum), MySQL and SQL Server databases. For caching, it supports Hazelcast and Redis.

Caching Architecture

Heimdall optimally operates via a two-layer cache system. The first layer (L1) is an in-heap cache, the size of which is controlled by the heap size in the VDB->proxy settings. The second layer (L2) is used as secondary storage and as a means of communication amongst the deployed proxies. The user will choose any of the supported cache engines to provide a distributed cache between nodes.

Performance Impact

In implementing Heimdall, one frequent question is "what is the performance impact"? This is a difficult question to answer as the variables can be quite complex including:

  • Size of requests, i.e. multi-page queries vs. simple single table queries;
  • Number of requests/second;
  • Size of results and the number of rows;
  • If logging is enabled;
  • Cache hit rates--the higher the better;
  • Number of cores available for processing;
  • Number of connections in use at one time;
  • Deployment model (centralized vs. distributed), see below;

In a highly optimized scenario with 6 physical cores (12 hyperthreading), with 100% cache hit rate and simple results, Heimdall can achieve over 250k queries/second, WITH the test client (jmeter) on the same host consuming cpu time as well. Heimdall is designed to operate distributed however, so can reasonably scale to nearly any performance level. In most environments, it is suggested that up to 8 cores be used, and that additional scaling based on CPU load be done horizontally, adding additional nodes. In an AWS environment, this can be done in auto-scaling groups to account for surges very easily.

Prerequisites and Requirements

In order to install and use Heimdall, the following will be needed:

  • A login for the database. For full capabilities, this user should have the ability to login, execute a health check query, access (or create) a schema/database of "heimdall", and have full access to this schema or database. This is used for health checking and various other features such as lag detection.
  • Understanding of the configuration of the application, and how to adjust what database it points to. This varies from application to application, but a few common locations for this are:
    • The IIS configuration for a .net application, under connect strings
    • a configuration json file
    • a configuration PHP file
  • Preferably a test environment to test with before going into production.
  • A Linux server or Docker environment (see below for deployment options) with at least 20GB of space and 4GB of RAM

Supported versions of Linux include (in alphabetical order):

  • Alpine
  • Amazon Linux 2
  • Centos
  • Debian
  • Oracle
  • Redhat
  • Suse
  • Ubuntu

Deployment Models

Heimdall can install either as a proxy (most common) and supports Postgres (including Amazon RDS, Aurora, Redshift and Pivotal Greenplum), MySQL and SQL Server databases in this manner:

Alternatively, it can be installed as a JDBC Driver (only for Java Applications) and can support other JDBC data sources as well:

For most customers, it is advisable to start with a simple proxy deployment on a single node, and once tested, to work with Heimdall support more advanced configurations.

In proxy mode, Heimdall supports auto-scaling, multi-zone configurations. It is recommended that in AWS, the AWS CloudFormation Template should be used, which prompts for the various configuration options in order to deploy such a configuration. For other environments, please contact Heimdall support for guidance on how to configure such a configuration.

Deployment Methods

In order to install Heimdall, one of several methods can be used:

  • Leverage our single command installer into a supported version of Linux as a single server (documentation)
  • Purchase a VM with the software installed from a cloud marketplace (AWS, Azure or GCP)
  • Use the docker file to create a docker image (documentation)
  • Install into the application as a JDBC driver (please contact Heimdall support for assistance).

For a detailed breakdown on each of the install methods, please see the detailed install page.

One note of importance--all the install methods will by default pull our newest version of code from our S3 file distribution site at the time of install except for the manual install option. When installing, make sure that security groups or ACLs do not block this out-bound request. Once installed and online, the system can be locked down if desired see security.

Additionally, the deployment model will impact pricing. In the cloud marketplace images, purchase is based on the size of instance and time used, although they offer a free 30 day trial for testing. In on-premises installs, pricing will be direct from Heimdall, and negotiated based on the number of instances used and volume, along with the support model needed.

In most cases, an initial configuration can be made within 30 minutes, and tested using tools such as DBeaver, SQL Server Management Studio, or PGAdmin 2.

Initial Configuration

Once deployed, connect to the server on port 8087. It is recommended that all users leverage the configuration wizard once logged in, in order to do the initial install, as it guides the configuration via a series of questions and prompts in order to build a valid configuration. Please see the AWS specific instructions for information on setting an IAM role for AWS configuration auto-detection.

Once setup, the data source tab provides a test source button to validate access to the database. Likewise, a test VDB option is available on the VDB to pass some basic traffic to the VDB. Note: When using the test VDB option, it requires access to create a new schema or database (named Heimdall) and tables within it. If the data source is not configured with a user that has access to do this, then the test VDB option will fail, even if everything is configured properly for application access.